Best Doctor for Uterine Fibroids Treatment in Delhi | IVF Junction
Fibroids

Best Doctor for Uterine Fibroids Treatment in Delhi

Fibroids are defined as unusual non-cancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during the woman’s pregnancy age. Medically termed leiomyomas or myomas, fibroids can vary in size ranging from the size of a small peanut to a big pumpkin. Get the Best Doctor for Uterine Fibroids in Delhi for Uterine Fibroids Treatment in Delhi with IVF Junction.

It is estimated that almost 70 to 80% of women develop fibroids and only a few observe the symptoms of these abnormal growths. The rate of growth varies individually and can appear as single or multiple fibroids.

What are the different types of fibroids?

The fibroids are differentiated based on the location they appear and accordingly types of fibroids are as below:

Intramural fibroids: It is one of the most common types of fibroids. Intramural fibroids develop in the muscular layer of the uterus and can grow very large in size that can even expand the womb.

Subserosal fibroids: These fibroids are formed outside the uterus and sometimes grow huge. A small stalk of subserosal fibroids can get attached to the uterus, which are known as pedunculated fibroids.

Submucosal fibroids: These are the less common type of fibroids that are formed in the muscle band called the myometrium.

What are the causes of fibroids?

Some of the known causes of fibroids are:

Genetic factors: It is believed that changes in genes or the presence of inherited fibroid genes can trigger the formation of fibroids.

Hormones: Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone produced in the ovaries that help the thickening of the uterine lining are known to promote fibroid growth.

Who is at risk for fibroids?

Various factors are known to increase the risk of fibroid growth:

Age: Fibroids become common during the age of around 30 to 40. Women nearing menopause are at a higher risk for fibroids. However, these fibroids once developed tend to shrink after menopause.

Genetic inheritance: If you have inherited the genes causing fibroids, then you may be at a greater risk of developing fibroids.

Ethnic origin: Women of any origin at her reproductive age can develop fibroids. However, it is observed that African-American women are at a higher risk for fibroids than other ethnic groups.

Other factors: Women with early onset of menstruation, vitamin deficiency, and obesity are more likely to develop fibroids. Other influencing factors include lifestyle habits such as improper diet, alcohol, and smoking.

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

Some of the common signs and symptoms of fibroids include:

  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Menstrual periods that last more than a week
  • Recurrent urination
  • Frequent urine infection
  • Acidity and constipation
  • Lower Backache
  • back of the legs ache
  • Pain during intercourse

Studies show that submucosal fibroids could cause infertility or pregnancy loss. Fibroids may also increase the risks of certain complications during pregnancy such as placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and preterm delivery.

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How are fibroids diagnosed?

The different Diagnostic tests and techniques for uterine fibroids include:

Pelvic Exam: Uterine fibroids can be found through a routine pelvic examination where your doctor can make out the irregularities in the shape of the uterus.

Ultrasound: Sound waves are sent across the uterus to study the extent of the fibroids formed.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This imaging technique can give a more clear detail about the size, location, and type of fibroids formed.

Hysterosonography: Hysterosonography involves the use of sterile saline to expand the uterine cavity. This stretching helps get images of the submucosal fibroids and the inner lining of the uterus.

Hysterosalpingography. Hysterosalpingography is a type of X-ray done with the help of a dye. This test can help determine the status of the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Hysteroscopy. A thin, small device called a hysteroscope is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. Images of the walls of the uterus and the opening of the fallopian tubes are obtained through this technique.

How are fibroids treated?

Fibroids tend to shrink after menopause when the hormonal action of estrogen and progesterone comes down. However, some fibroids may require treatment that varies on the symptoms, age, fertility goals, type, number, size of fibroids, and other health conditions. The various options for Uterine Fibroids Treatment in Delhi range from hormonal medications to surgery.

Medications: Medications for uterine fibroids include hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, treat symptoms such as heavy menstrual flow, pelvic pressure, and pain.

Medications called Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists treat fibroids by blocking estrogen and progesterone production. This will help stop menstruation for some time, allow the fibroids to shrink, and treat anemia. However, long-term use of these medications can cause loss of bone density.

Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) can help subside the symptoms of fibroids such as heavy bleeding.

Other medications include over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers that can help relieve pain and pelvic pressure caused due to fibroids.

Uterine Fibroids Surgery in Delhi

MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery (FUS): This is a relatively new and non-invasive treatment technique for uterine fibroids that is performed inside an MRI scanner. The MRI images guide the doctor on the location of the fibroids. The sound waves from ultrasound transducers help destroy the fibroid tissues.

Uterine artery embolization: A nonsurgical treatment option where small particles called embolic agents are injected into the arteries supplying the uterus which cuts off the blood supply to the fibroids. This promotes shrinking and eventual dying of fibroids.

Laparoscopic myomectomy: This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure where small incisions are made in the lower abdominal region allowing a laparoscope to be inserted. The images from this instrument can help remove large fibroids from the uterus. A small device with a camera and light called a laparoscope is inserted through the incisions.

Hysteroscopic myomectomy: This minimally invasive treatment option can be chosen for fibroids developed inside the uterus or submucosal uterus. Hysteroscope is inserted into your uterus through the vaginal opening to remove the fibroids.

Endometrial ablation: An instrument that uses heat, microwave energy, hot water, or electric current is inserted into the uterus to ablate the uterine lining which will either stop menstruation or reduce the menstrual flow.

Abdominal myomectomy: In case of multiple, very large, or deep fibroids, an open abdominal surgical procedure can be recommended to remove the fibroids. However, scarring post-surgery can affect fertility in the future.

Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is performed to remove the uterus. Though this surgery helps permanent removal of fibroids, a hysterectomy will permanently end the ability to have children. Hence, hysterectomy is considered the last resort for fibroid treatment.

Uterine Fibroids Treatment in Delhi at IVF Junction:

Though fibroids are benign, submucosal fibroids can interfere in attaining pregnancy. Developed during the reproductive age of a woman, fibroids can be treated through medications or surgery which can help manage the symptoms and destroy these unwanted growths of the uterus. IVF Junction connects you to our network of fertility centres at Delhi NCR and Gurgaon. Our fertility experts at our network centres will help you find solutions to precisely diagnose and treat this condition called fibroids.

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