PCOS Treatment in Delhi | Best Doctor for PCOS in Delhi | IVF Junction
polycystic ovaries

Best Doctor for PCOS Treatment in Delhi

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Hormones play a pivotal role in the development and healthy functioning of reproductive organs. One of the common hormonal disorders caused by excess androgen levels in women is PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome. Find the Best Doctor for PCOS in Delhi at IVF Junction to get the best PCOS Treatment in Delhi. What is PCOD vs PCOS is a common question, PCOD is a polycystic ovarian disease and PCOS is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. When comparing PCOD vs PCOS it is important to note that PCOS affects the endocrine system whereas PCOD affects the balance of hormones. The difference between pcos and pcod can be seen according to disease severity which is different for PCOD vs PCOS since PCOD is easier to manage than PCOS.

In PCOS, the ovaries form small fluid-filled follicles that contain immature eggs. These eggs do not mature nor are released from the ovaries and in turn form polycystic ovaries. This is due to more androgen levels than normal. Androgens are “male hormones” present in both men and women.

In women, androgens are produced in the ovaries, adrenal glands and fat cells but later converted to estrogens. Though androgens are known to trigger the hormonal cascade during puberty in women, increased amounts of these male hormones hampers the menstrual cycle causing skipping of menstrual periods and irregular ovulation.

What causes PCOS?

Studies suggest that the rise in androgens (male hormones) restricts the functioning of ovaries to produce eggs regularly. Some of the other PCOS causes are:

  • Genetics: Inheritance or presence of genes causing PCOS is one of the reasons for PCOS.
  • Insulin resistance: Insulin is produced by the pancreas that convert glucose into energy.  When the body develops resistance to  insulin, the pancreas produces more insulin to compensate. The excess insulin produced leads to an increase in level of androgens causing PCOS.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation or swelling in the body is known to produce more androgens that can cause PCOS.

What are the risks for PCOS?

The higher amounts of androgens present can affect fertility. The other risks with PCOS include:

  • Sleep apnea: a condition where pauses in breathing or shallow breathing while sleeping is more than normal. This can disrupt sleep as well. Sleep apnea is seen in women with obesity and PCOS.
  • Depression: Hormonal changes in PCOS can cause depression, mood swings and anxiety.
  • Infertility: To get pregnant, it is required for the woman to ovulate regularly. Women with PCOS have irregular ovulation cycles and so is one of the prime causes of infertility.
  • Metabolic syndrome: Obesity is known to increase the risk of various metabolic disorders like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart problems, and diabetes.
  • Endometrial cancer: During ovulation, the endometrial lining sheds off. In PCOS, the uterine lining can build up due to irregular ovulation increasing the risks of endometrial cancer.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

PCOD symptoms and PCOS symptoms are the reason that a lot of people consult a gynecologist, hence it is important to know the PCOD symptoms PCOS symptoms. A person could have one polycystic ovary or bilateral polycystic ovaries in which both ovaries have polycysts. Some of the noticeable signs of PCOS  include:

  • Irregular periods:  women with PCOS have very irregular periods.
  • Heavy bleeding: Since PCOS ovulation is not regular, the uterine lining thickens up for a very long period, periods are with heavier menstrual flow than normal.
  • Hair growth: Most women with PCOS have unwanted hair growth especially on the face and body (hirsutism) due to excess androgens.
  • Acne: Androgens can make the skin oily and cause breakouts on face, chest, back, and neck regions.
  • Obesity: Most women with PCOS have obesity.
  • Male pattern baldness: Due to increase in androgen levels, Hair loss, hair thinning can be seen on the scalp.
  • Darkening of the skin: Hormonal changes can cause formation of dark patches in the skin in areas like the neck, groin and below the breasts.
  • Headaches: Hormone changes can cause headaches in women with PCOS.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

The doctor will first evaluate the above symptoms and then conduct a pelvic exam to inspect the condition of the internal reproductive organs. Other diagnostic tests for PCOS are:

  • Blood tests: Blood tests are done to check the hormone levels. Blood tests are also done to know the blood glucose levels, cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound uses sound waves to check the appearance of ovaries and the thickness of the uterine lining.

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What are the complications of PCOS?

Women with PCOS do carry certain amounts of risks and complications associated with pregnancy. Some of the complications are:

  • Gestational diabetes: Diabetes during pregnancy does not cause much trouble to the mother or child and in most of the cases, this condition goes away after the pregnancy term. However, managing the diabetes and associated side-effects like low blood sugar, breathing issues is to be taken care of.
  • Miscarriage: Women with PCOS have high risks of losing the child in the early months of pregnancy. There are various treatment options to avoid such situations.
  • Pregnancy induced high blood pressure: An increase in blood pressure during the second half of the pregnancy may occur in women with PCOS. It needs immediate attention and treatment. If not treated, can lead to preeclampsia (a sudden increase in blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy that can affect the liver, kidneys and even brain of the mother)
  • Premature delivery: PCOS pregnancy can lead to preterm birth of the child. Children born before the pregnancy term of 37 weeks are at a risk of  various health problems after birth and later in life as well.

Living with PCOS

Life with PCOS is all about managing the symptoms associated with PCOS through lifestyle changes, medications, and maintaining a healthy weight. PCOS treatment in Delhi includes:

  • Change in Diet: Women with PCOS may have insulin resistance, high blood pressure and other metabolic complications. Having a low sugar and low carbohydrate diet that would ensure maintenance of a healthy weight as well is necessary. Dieticians can guide you through diet plans that would suit your body needs.
  • Regular exercise: Women with PCOS tend to put on weight easily. Regular exercise along with a healthy diet can help manage the symptoms of PCOS.
  • Good Sleep:  Disturbance in sleep is associated with women with PCOS. Ensuring a good sleep of around 7-9 hours every day is essential while managing PCOS.
  • Medications: Medications for PCOS include hormone therapy that can increase the estrogen levels, reduce excessive bleeding during menstruation, lowers the risk of endometrial cancer and other PCOS symptoms.

IVF Junction connects you to our network of fertility centres in Delhi NCR and Gurgaon. You can get connected with our fertility experts who will guide you through your PCOS issue and help you manage the varied symptoms associated with it.

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