Ovarian Cancer Treatment Cost in Delhi, India | IVF Junction
Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer: Treatment and Cost in India

Our body is made up of about 15 trillion cells and more than 100 million cells die every minute but simultaneously cells are replaced and regenerated. But, sometimes the growth of these cells or division of cells gets unregulated and can lead to the accumulation of cells. These unmanageable multiples of cells grow abnormally, fail to die, and eventually form a mass called “TUMOR”. It is important to note that not all tumors or mass of cells that are formed are cancerous.

What is ovarian cancer?

The unregulated growth of cells formed in the ovary is called Ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancers can arise from various types of cells present in the ovary.

Depending on the site of origin, Ovarian tumors are of three major types:

Epithelial ovarian tumors- These tumors are derived from the cells present on the surface of the ovary (epithelial cells). This type of ovarian tumors are mostly seen in adults. Epithelial tumors are again categorized based on the severity. They are:

Benign epithelial ovarian tumors: This type of epithelial tumor is non-cancerous. Benign epithelial tumors are the most common type of epithelial ovarian tumors.

Borderline epithelial tumors: Unlike benign tumors, borderline tumors or Low Malignant Potential tumors show some malignant characteristics. These tumors are commonly seen in young women and their growth is slow. These tumors account for almost 15% of all epithelial ovarian cancers, and approximately 75% are diagnosed at an early stage.

These are less threatening to life compared to other ovarian tumors and are different as they do not grow in the supporting ovary tissue(stromal cells) and the mass of cell formation is seen on the surface covering the ovary.

These semi malignant tumors do not show early signs and symptoms. However, chronic abdomen pain, pain in the pelvic region, swelling of the abdomen, gastrointestinal issues like bloating and constipation are some of the notable symptoms.

Patients diagnosed with borderline epithelial tumors have a good prognosis when the tumor is diagnosed early.

Malignant epithelial ovarian tumors: These are cancerous epithelial tumors or carcinomas. Studies suggest about 90% of malignant ovarian cancers are of the epithelium of the ovary. The malignant epithelial ovarian tumors can be again classified into different types such as serous, mucinous, endometrioid, and clear cells. The serous epithelial tumor is most common among the other malignant types. Malignant epithelial tumors can be treated accordingly if diagnosed early.

Ovarian germ cell tumors: Ovarian germ cell tumor is a malignant form of tumor formed in the egg-producing cells of the ovary.

These types of ovarian cancer symptoms are swelling in the abdomen and pelvic region and vaginal bleeding especially after menopause. Usually occurs in young girls (just attained puberty) or sometimes seen even in young women. It generally affects only one ovary.

Certain factors can affect the prognosis. However, ovarian germ cell tumors can be treated if diagnosed early.

Ovarian stromal tumors: Accounting to 8-10% of all ovarian tumors, stromal ovarian tumors develop in the structural connective tissue of the ovary. Mostly seen in women above the age of 50.

Stromal tumors develop in the female hormone-producing cells of the ovary, and so, these tumors tend to produce more estrogen causing excess vaginal bleeding. It can cause early menstruation before puberty in young girls or recurrence of bleeding post-menopause. Sometimes, stromal tumors can lead to the production of male hormones and cause regular menstruation to stop.

Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts are sacs or pockets filled with fluids that are present in the ovary or on the surface of the ovary. Many women develop these cysts and these cysts show no noted symptoms or discomfort. They usually subside without any treatment within a few months of its occurrence.

Ovarian Cancer causes: The exact cause of ovarian cancer is difficult to be outlined. However, ovarian cancer can be caused due to inheritance of the ovarian tumor-causing genes i.e., genetic inheritance or may be due to certain lifestyle habits such as smoking, poor nutrition, stress, medications, alcohol consumption, etc.

Ovarian cancer diagnosis:

Some of the diagnostic test and procedures of ovarian cancer include:

  • Pelvic exam: Your doctor may perform a regular pelvic examination to check the status of the ovary.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests may include organ function tests that can help know the overall health. Blood tests with the use of tumor markers can be used to detect ovarian cancers.
  • Imaging tests: tests such as ultrasound, CT scans of the abdomen and pelvic area that can determine variations in the structure of ovaries.
  • Surgical Biopsy: A surgery can be performed as a part of a diagnostic procedure where a section of the ovarian tissue is removed to find the presence of a malignant or benign tumor.

Ovarian cancer prognosis and treatment

Not all tumors are malignant or cancerous and most cancerous tumors have a good prognosis and treatment especially when diagnosed early. The required prognosis and necessary treatment for ovarian cancer depends on the following aspects:

  • The extent the tumor has affected ( the stage/grade of the tumor)
  • The type of cells that form the tumor
  • The size of the tumor
  • Associated health issues (if any)

The treatment options for ovarian cancer include:

  • Surgery: A surgery can be performed to remove the affected ovaries, both the uterus and ovaries in a few cases. Sometimes surgery will need to be followed by Chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a therapy that uses drug treatment or a combination of chemicals that can kill the fast-growing cells like the cancerous cells in the body. Chemotherapy drugs can be administered intravenously or taken orally.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation Therapy involves the use of high doses of radiation to destroy cancer cells. At high doses, radiation can kill the cancer cells or slow their growth by damaging the DNA. Damage to the DNA of cancer cells will curb their growth and cause senescence. Radiation therapy requires regular doses of radiation to be passed for enough damage and eventual death to cancer cells.
  • Targeted cancer drugs: Targeted therapy uses certain medications that target specific vulnerabilities present within the cancer cells. The targeted therapy drugs are used to treat ovarian cancer especially when they reappear after primary treatment.
  • Palliative care: Palliative care Or supportive care is medical care that supports patients to help them manage with the symptoms of cancer and other illnesses. While the patient undergoes treatment for cancer or other illnesses, the palliative care therapists (a team of specialized doctors, nurses) work along with their family, doctors and support them.

Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India at IVF Junction

Timely diagnosis, treatment, and the prognosis is the key to arresting the severity and recurrence of cancer. IVF Junction connects you with our network of fertility centres in Delhi NCR and Gurgaon. Our centres will help you with every issue of your reproductive health and guide you for better treatment.

How much does Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost in India?

The average cost of ovarian cancer treatment in India is approximately Rs. 2,50,000 to 3,50,000. However, the treatment charges may also differ in different cities depending upon the public and the private hospitals.

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