Best Male Infertility Treatment in Delhi | IVF Junction
Signs of male infertility

Best Male Infertility Treatment in Delhi

About Male Infertility

When the couple is unable to conceive naturally even after trying for more than 12 months, the couple will be advised for a fertility check. IVF Junction offers you the Best Male Infertility Treatment in Delhi. Normally, in Indian societies, it’s a norm to blame women for fertility related issues. However, the truth is that both men and women can face infertility issues. Around 40-50% of infertility cases are due to the male infertility issues.

Dealing with infertility can be difficult for men as  The social and psychological impacts of it are immense. Understanding the exact cause, a thorough diagnosis and appropriate treatment will help overcome the issue to have a healthy progeny.

Male infertility causes

The development and functioning of the reproductive system in men are driven by hormones. Hormones are biochemicals that regulate the production of sperms in the testes, that are stored in the epididymis and transported into the female reproductive tract through the vas deferens during ejaculation.

The most common cause of infertility in men is the problem related to the production of sperms. Some of the causes of infertility in men are:

  • Varicocele: A varicocele is the enlargement of the veins causing abnormal blood flow within the sperm producing organ. Varicoceles can lead to low sperm count and also affect the quality of sperms.
  • Infection: Some infections in the reproductive organs are known to hamper the sperm production or infection scarring can block the passage of sperms. Infections like gonorrhea or HIV that are sexually transmitted can also cause testicular damage.
  • Retrograde ejaculation: Retrograde ejaculation is a condition where the semen enters the bladder instead of moving out of the penis during ejaculation.
  • Undescended testicles. In some men, the testis fails to descend  into the scrotum (sac containing testes) during development. This condition can also be one of the reasons for infertility in men.
  • Hormone imbalances. Decreased levels of testosterone, and other hormonal problems can affect normal functioning of the testes and integrity of the sperms.
  • Blockage of tubules: Blockage of tubes that allow the passage of sperms, in the epididymis, in the vas deferens, near the ejaculatory ducts or in the urethra can be one of the causes of fertility issues.
  • Inherited genes: Inherited disorders such as Klinefelter syndrome, cystic fibrosis and Kallmann’s syndrome can cause abnormalities of the male reproductive system.
  • High temperatures: The process of spermatogenesis can be disrupted at high temperatures causing low sperm count or poor quality sperms.
  • Lifestyle factors: lifestyle habits including too much smoking, excessive alcohol intake, and certain medications may cause hormonal imbalance leading to low sperm count and quality.
  • Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors such as exposure to X-rays, radiations from mobile, laptops, can reduce the sperm quality and also cause oligospermia.

Male infertility symptoms

The main symptom of infertility in men is the inability to provide healthy sperm for a fruitful conception. Some of the other symptoms and signs of infertility in men include:

  • Difficulty in maintaining an erection during sexual intercourse.
  • Problems with ejaculation
  • Small and firm testicles
  • Pain, swelling or presence of lump in the testicle region
  • Changes in hormones can cause gynecomastia or abnormal breast growth
  • Decreased facial or body hair  caused due to hormone fluctuations
  • Hormonal problems causing mood swings and low sex drive.
  • Low sperm count (less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen)
  • Difficulty in maintaining an erection during sexual intercourse.
  • Problems with ejaculation
  • Small and firm testicles
  • Pain, swelling or presence of lump in the testicle region
  • Changes in hormones can cause gynecomastia or abnormal breast growth
  • Decreased facial or body hair  caused due to hormone fluctuations
  • Hormonal problems causing mood swings and low sex drive.
  • Low sperm count (less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen)

Reasons for your male infertility

Studies suggest that 90% of infertility in men is attributed to low sperm count and poor sperm quality. Certain conditions of male infertility are:

  • Azoospermia: A condition where sperms are not produced. A complete lack of sperm production is one of the major reasons for infertility accounting for around 15% of the infertility in men.
  • Obstructive azoospermia: It is a condition where a blockage of any part of the male reproductive organ or duct can obstruct the movement of sperms. Blockage can be observed in the testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts or the urethra.
  • Oligospermia: A condition characterized by low production of sperms and shows a sign of low sperm count.
  • Erectile dysfunction: Problems relating to improper erection is one of the reasons for infertility.
  • Sperm quality and morphology: Irregular shape and dimension of the sperm can affect the sperm quality and the ability of the sperm to fertilize. A minimum of 60% of the sperms should have proper sperm morphology for effective fertilization.

Male infertility diagnosis

The signs of male infertility can be diagnosed by tests that include:

  • Semen analysis: Semen samples collected are checked for abnormalities in the shape (morphology), motility, sperm count, and also the presence of infections.
  • Ultrasound: Sound waves are used to look for problems relating to the testicles and other reproductive organs. Ultrasound also helps detect blockages of the tubes that transport sperm.
  • Hormonal Assay: A complete hormone testing helps measure the hormone levels.
  • Post-ejaculation urinalysis: This analysis can find if the sperms are travelling towards the bladder instead of moving out the penis during ejaculation.
  • Other tests: Other tests include testicular biopsy, sperm function tests and genetic tests that are done to check the various causes of male infertility

The best male infertility treatment in Delhi

Depending on the reason for infertility in men, treatment options include:

  • Surgery for repair and correction: Surgery can be done for repairing an obstructed vas deferens, correcting a varicocele.
  • Treatment for infections: Medications are prescribed to treat infections that can cause infertility.
  • Hormonal treatment: Hormone therapy can mediate hormonal balance. Stabilized hormones ensure adequate production of qualitative sperms.
  • Surgical sperm recovery: Sperms can be collected by other techniques like microsurgery. Not producing sperm symptoms or symptoms of low sperm count is when this procedure is done. There are different retrieval techniques like:
    TESA ( Testicular sperm Aspiration ): TESE also called as testicular fine needle aspiration is suitable for men who have conditions such as obstructive azoospermia, or blocked ducts, or even oligospermia. A small tissue of the testes is extracted and sperms are collected through special processing technique.
    PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration): A microneedle is used to extract sperms from the epididymis that store a good amount of sperm.
    Micro TESE (Microscopic testicular Sperm Extraction) : A microsurgical procedure that uses High magnification techniques to aspire sperms.
  • Assisted reproductive technology: ART treatments include sperm retrieval through normal ejaculation or surgical extraction. The extracted sperms are either inseminated into the female reproductive tract (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are performed to help attain pregnancy.

Male Infertility Treatment in Delhi at IVF Junction:

IVF Junction connects you to our network of fertility centres in Delhi NCR and Gurgaon. Tretment options for male infertility include a variety of options from medications to microsurgery and ART. Our network centres will provide you the best male infertility treatment in delhi with proper diagnosis and thorough study of the exact cause of your fertility concern.

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